I thought I should add the recent developments on this so that others who may have the same problem would learn from experience.
I had googled sugar glider with white eye and researched it here as well. Just about everything I saw was about cataracts, and a couple things about fatty deposits in the eye. Those things didn't seem concerning so I delayed bringing her to the vet. That was a bad decision.
My Luna's eyeball began to swell. So I brought her to the vet, and it turns out she has a bad infection. I'm treating her with pain meds, antibiotics, and eye drops. I hope she heals. Please send positive thoughts our way.